Medžiagotyra (Jan 2019)

Evaluation of Chromium Carbide Coatings on AISI 52100 Steel Obtained by Thermo-Reactive Diffusion Technique

  • Xiaoming ZONG,
  • Wenming JIANG,
  • Zitian FAN

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 25, no. 1
pp. 36 – 41


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In this study, chromium carbide coating obtained by thermo-reactive diffusion (TRD) process on AISI 52100 steel, prepared by packed method at temperature of 850 °C for 2, 4, 6 and 8 h, were investigated by performing a series of tests. The chromium carbide coating was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Micro-Vickers hardness test and Daimler-Benz Rockwell-C adhesion test. The chromium carbide layer produced on the AISI52100 steel exhibited a smooth and flat morphology. Depending on treatment time, the coating had a thickness of 3.2 – 8.5 μm. XRD analysis revealed the existence of Cr7C3 and (Cr,Fe)7C3 compounds. The hardness of the surface was increased from 723 to 1730 – 1920 HV0.025 after the coating process. The adhesion strength quality of the coating is correlated to HF2 to HF3 according to the VDI 3198 norm. Comparision of wear performance between chromium carbide coating and substrate showed that the coating can significantly improve wear resistance of the material. Friction coefficient decreased from the 0.46 to 0.37 and wear weight loss decreased by 89.3 %.