SNOW TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS AT VOSTOK STATION FROM AN AUTONOMOUS RECORDING SYSTEM (TAUTO): PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM THE FIRST YEAR OPERATION

Lëd i Sneg. 2012;52(4):138-145 DOI 10.15356/2076-6734-2012-4-138-145

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Lëd i Sneg

ISSN: 2076-6734 (Print); 2412-3765 (Online)

Publisher: Nauka

Society/Institution: Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences

LCC Subject Category: Science

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

E. Lefebvre (Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement, CNRS/UJF Saint Martin d’Hères)
L. Arnaud (Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement, CNRS/UJF Saint Martin d’Hères)
A. A. Ekaykin (Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg)
V. Y. Lipenkov (Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, St. Petersburg)
G. Picard (Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement, CNRS/UJF Saint Martin d’Hères)
J.-R. Petit (Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l’Environnement, CNRS/UJF Saint Martin d’Hères)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>Temperature gradients in the upper layers of the snow pack are of importance for studying the emissivity properties of the snow surface with respect to microwaves used in remote sensing as well as for the heat and mass transfer in snow thickness. Gradients drive the initial snow microstructure metamorphisms that probably influence the firn properties in regard to air molecules fractionation and the air bubble enclosure process at close-off depths. As a contribution to investigation of these problems and following J.-M. Barnola initiative, we developed an autonomous recording system to monitor the temperature of the upper layers of the snow pack. The instrument was built to be autonomous and to be continuously operating within environmental conditions of the Antarctic plateau and the polar night. The apparatus which monitors temperature from the first 10 mof snow by 15 sensors of a «temperature grape» was set at Vostok station during 55<sup>th</sup> Russian Antarctic Expedition within the frame of the French Russian collaboration (GDRI Vostok). From the available hourly measurements over the first year, we present preliminary results on the thermal diffusive properties of the snow pack as well as some character of the temperature variations on the Antarctic plateau.</p>