Revista de Filología Española (2018-06-01)

Toledo against Madrid in the conformation of the modern Spanish: the pronominal unaccented system

  • Pedro Sánchez-Prieto Borja,
  • Delfina Vázquez Balonga

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 98, no. 1
pp. 185 – 215


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In recent decades nearly all the studies about Spanish unstressed object pronouns state that the most important pattern for the choice of le(s)/lo(s) forms with direct object function is the semantic kind (countable or uncountable) of reference noun. Nowadays Madrid and Toledo territories are included within this so-called “reference” system. The aim of this paper is to compare data based on unpublished archive documents from both Madrid and Toledo provinces in order to: 1) determine whether this system was in use in the Middle Ages; 2) establish its contextual use since the 16th century; 3) check if the le-system spread to all social dialects, and 4) describe in detail internal geographic variation in central Castilian.