SM934 treated lupus-prone NZB × NZW F1 mice by enhancing macrophage interleukin-10 production and suppressing pathogenic T cell development.

PLoS ONE. 2012;7(2):e32424 DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0032424


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Journal Title: PLoS ONE

ISSN: 1932-6203 (Online)

Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

LCC Subject Category: Medicine | Science

Country of publisher: United States

Language of fulltext: English

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Li-Fei Hou
Shi-Jun He
Xin Li
Chun-Ping Wan
Yang Yang
Xiao-Hui Zhang
Pei-Lan He
Yu Zhou
Feng-Hua Zhu
Yi-Fu Yang
Ying Li
Wei Tang
Jian-Ping Zuo


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Time From Submission to Publication: 24 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

BACKGROUND: Artemisinin and its derivatives were reported to possess strong regulatory effects on inflammation and autoimmune diseases. This study was designed to examine the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms of SM934, a water-soluble artemisinin analogue, on lupus-prone female NZB × NZW F(1) mice. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: NZB/W F(1) mice were treated orally with SM934 for 3 or 6 months respectively to investigate the effect on clinical manifestations and immunological correlates. To further explore the mechanisms of SM934, ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized or interferon (IFN)-γ-elicited C57BL/6 mice were used. In vivo, treatment with SM934 for 3 or 6 months significantly delayed the progression of glomerulonephritis and increased the survival rate of NZB/W F(1) mice. Clinical improvement was accompanied with decreased Th1-related anti-double-strand DNA (dsDNA) IgG2a and IgG3 Abs, serum interleukin (IL)-17, and increased Th2-related anti-dsDNA IgG1 Ab, serum IL-10 and IL-4. SM934 treatment also suppressed the accumulation of effector/memory T cells, induced the apoptosis of CD4(+) T cells, while enhancing the development of regulatory T cells in NZB/W F(1) mice. In addition, SM934 treatment promoted the IL-10 production of macrophages from NZB/W F(1) mice, OVA-immunized C57BL/6 mice and IFN-γ-elicited C57BL/6 mice. In vitro, SM934 enhanced IL-10 production from primary macrophages stimulated with IFN-γ. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results of this study demonstrated that artemisinin analogue SM934 had therapeutic effects on lupus-prone female NZB/W F(1) mice by inhibiting the pathogenic helper T cell development and enhancing anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 production.