Крымские караимы и развитие табачной промышленности в Российской империи в конце XIX — начале XX века / Crimean Karaims and the Development of the Tobacco Industry in the Russian Empire from the Middle of the Nineteenth to the Early of the Twentieth Century

Материалы по археологии и истории античного и средневекового Крыма. 2019;(10):334-370 DOI 10.24411/2219-8857-2018-00015

 

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Journal Title: Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma

ISSN: 2219-8857 (Online)

Publisher: NvSU

LCC Subject Category: Auxiliary sciences of history: Archaeology

Country of publisher: Russian Federation

Language of fulltext: Russian, Bulgarian

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

D.A. Prokhorov (Research Center of History and Archaeology of the Crimea, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

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Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 5 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

This article focuses on the role of the Karaites in the economic development of the tobacco industry of the Russian Empire from the middle of the nineteenth and to the early twentieth centuries. The studied materials are preserved in the State Archive of the Republic of Crimea, the Russian State Historical Archive, the State Archive of Mykolaiv region, various thematic directories, collections of statistics and materials of periodicals. It is concluded that the Karaites made a significant contribution to the development of economic and social life of Russia in general and of the Tauride province (gubernia) in particular. One of the main activities of the Karaites was trading and crafts related to tobacco growing and industrial production of tobacco products. The Karaites supplied the products of the tobacco factories to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kharkov, Odessa, Khabarovsk, Ekaterinoslav, and other cities of the Russian Empire. Large tobacco factories owned by the Karaites operated in the major industrial centers of the country. The products of these enterprises enjoyed wide popularity among various segments of the population.