The aim of this paper was presentation of sports in schools in the province of Volhynia in the years 19291939. Schools in Volhynia were diversified in terms of nationality. Apart from Polish schools, with Polish as a language of instruction and a subject, there were Polish schools with languages of national minorities inhabiting the Volhynia province, as well as Ukrainian, Czech, German, Russian, Yiddish, Hebrew, Yiddish-Hebrew and Utraquist schools. In the years 19291939, there was rapid development of sports in schools in the province of Volhynia. This process was particularly visible in the second half of the 1920s and in the 1930s. School sport was particularly popular in secondary schools. Among sports, school children and adolescents practiced mainly athletics, sport games, shooting, water sports and winter sports. School Sports Circles and Clubs were organised. Sport competition was developed mainly at the local, district and provincial levels. In the 1930s, the representation of Volhynian (Lutsk) school district participated in national sports competitions. School sports contests between Kremenets Lyceum and “The Sułkowskis” Junior High School in Rydzyn, taking place in the years 19331938, were regarded as blue-ribbon school contests. Apart from Kremenets, Dubno, Kovel, Luck and Równe were also regarded to be strong school sports centres in Volhynia.