Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology (2016-01-01)

The effect of pregabalin and s-ketamine in total knee arthroplasty patients: A randomized trial

  • Lajla Kadic,
  • Frank G van Haren,
  • Oliver Wilder-Smith,
  • Jorgen Bruhn,
  • Jacques J Driessen,
  • Maarten C de Waal Malefijt

DOI
https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-9185.194762
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 32, no. 4
pp. 476 – 482

Abstract

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Background and Aims: Pain reduction is important for rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. Intra- and peri-articular infiltration with local anesthetics may be an alternative to commonly used locoregional techniques. Adding pregabalin orally and s-ketamine intravenously may further reduce postoperative pain. Material and Methods: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared two methods of perioperative analgesia. Control patients received a standardized multimodal postoperative analgesic regime of paracetamol, diclofenac, and piritramide-patient-controlled analgesia, including ropivacaine knee infiltration during surgery. The study group received pregabalin orally and s-ketamine intravenously as an additional medication to the standard multimodal regimen. The control group received placebo. Results: The study group showed lower piritramide consumption during the first 24 h (P: 0.043), but with more side effects such as diplopia and dizziness. Conclusion: Addition of pregabalin and s-ketamine resulted in lower piritramide consumption during the first 24 h postoperatively. However, more investigation on benefits versus side effects of this medication is required.

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