Sustainability (Oct 2021)

Basic Steps to Promote Biorefinery Value Chains in Forestry in Italy

  • Swati Tamantini,
  • Alberto Del Lungo,
  • Manuela Romagnoli,
  • Alessandro Paletto,
  • Michael Keller,
  • Jacques Bersier,
  • Florian Zikeli

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111731
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 13, no. 11731
p. 11731

Abstract

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Biorefineries are an important pillar to conduct the transition toward a circular bioeconomy. Forestry value chains produce wood biomass from harvesting and processing residues that have potential to be used in biorefineries, but currently, these residues are mostly used for energy generation. New biorefineries and new methodologies of wood fractionation allow the production of high value-added products based on carbohydrates and lignin. However, biorefineries based on lignocellulosic feedstock are still few in European countries and even less in Italy. The present study analyses the processes involved in a scenario of establishment of forest biorefineries, reviewing the main components and the actual organization of forestry value chains in Italy. The aim is to have a general vision, to identify and to focus the possibilities of the actual value chains and to fill gaps. The development of the territories is thought of in a perspective of a broader repertoire and more branched value chains than simple energy-generation end use, reviewing the tool for a feasibility study that could potentially involve lignocellulosic biorefineries also based on forest-wood industry feedstocks.

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