Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária (Dec 2021)

Efficacy and residual effect of Illicium verum (star anise) and Pelargonium graveolens (rose geranium) essential oil on cat fleas Ctenocephalides felis felis

  • Juliana Pereira Freitas,
  • Ingrid Lins Raquel de Jesus,
  • Jéssica Karoline de Oliveira Chaves,
  • Isabela Scalioni Gijsen,
  • Diefrey Ribeiro Campos,
  • Debora Pereira Baptista,
  • Thais Paes Ferreira,
  • Melina Cardilo Campos Alves,
  • Katherina Coumendouros,
  • Yara Peluso Cid,
  • Douglas Siqueira de Almeida Chaves

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 30, no. 4


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Abstract The essential oils (EOs) of Illicium verum and Pelargonium graveolens were evaluated for lethality, inhibition of development and residual efficacy against the flea Ctenocephalides felis felis. Their chemical composition was characterized by means of gas chromatography with a flame ionization and mass spectrometry detection. Mortality at different immature stages and among adult fleas was measured through in vitro filter paper tests at different concentrations of EOs. The chemical characterization of I. verum volatile oil showed that E-anethole (79.96%) was the major constituent, while the major compounds in P. graveolens were citronellol (29.67%) and geraniol (14.85%). Insecticidal activity against both immature and adult flea stages were observed. The EO of I. verum had insecticidal activity for approximately 18 days, while the EO activity of P. graveolens lasted for 13 days. The pulicidal activity of I. verum remained above 70% for up to 9 days, while the activity of P. graveolens was 41.7% for up to 2 days. Essential oils, especially that of I. verum, showed insecticidal activity for flea control at different life cycle stages and have potential for the development of ectoparasiticides (biopesticides) for veterinary use.