Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation (2015-03-01)

Item Response Theory Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Models

  • Hamdollah Ravand

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 20, no. 7
pp. 1 – 17


Read online

Multilevel models (MLMs) are flexible in that they can be employed to obtain item and person parameters, test for differential item functioning (DIF) and capture both local item and person dependence. Papers on the MLM analysis of item response data have focused mostly on theoretical issues where applications have been add-ons to simulation studies with a methodological focus. Although the methodological direction was necessary as a first step to show how MLMs can be utilized and extended to model item response data, the emphasis needs to be shifted towards providing evidence on how applications of MLMs in educational testing can provide the benefits that have been promised. The present study uses foreign language reading comprehension data to illustrate application of hierarchical generalized models to estimate person and item parameters, differential item functioning (DIF), and local person dependence in a three-level model.