Mumps in a district primary school at the locality of Santa Fe, Bogota (Colombia) 2010.

Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. 2010;12(4):34-39

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud

ISSN: 0124-308X (Print); 2538-9971 (Online)

Publisher: Universidad del Cauca

Society/Institution: Universidad del Cauca, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Medicine (General)

Country of publisher: Colombia

Language of fulltext: Spanish

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Oneida Castañeda (Instituto Nacional de Salud)

Pablo Chaparro (Instituto Nacional de Salud)

Yanira Roa (Hospital Centro Oriente, Bogotá D.C)

Omar Segura

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Background. Epidemic parotitis (“mumps”) is a human viral infection which affects mainly the salivary glands; its peak incidence afflicts children 5 to 9-year. At epidemiologic week (EW) 40/2010, the Centro Oriente II Level Hospital received a community report about a mumps outbreak in a District Primary School (DPS), eastwards of the locality of Santa Fe (Bogotá). The hospital’s epidemiology office sent a response team to investigate the situation and to guide prevention & control actions. Methods. The team made an outbreak descriptive study; field investigation included description time-place-person; case-definition as patient with active clinical condition of parotitis; Active Institutional Search (AIS) and house visitations; study variables matched those of the official individual notification report. Data were registered and analyzed using Epi -Info 3.5.1® with frequency, central trend and association measurements. Results. 14 mumps cases were identified: 1 adult and 13(93%) children; 5(35,7%) were girls; median age was 11,9 year (range 7-40). Four cases (28,6%) were confirmed by clinical signs, 10(71,4%) by epidemiologic link; no one was hospitalized. 12 patients (86%) had unknown vaccination status; 11 cases (78%) produced neither the vaccination card nor any additional information. Index case occurred at EW30/2010 and the epidemic peak occurred at EW34/2010; attack rate was 8.1%. Conclusions. Epidemiology office confirmed mumps outbreak, delayed notification and impossibility to verify vaccination records. The response team recommended the DPS to strengthen biosafety measures; and advised local health institution to increase epidemiologic surveillance & control activities, adherence to national mumps protocol, school vaccination and to promote information, communication, education strategies on importance of vaccination and cards right use.