L’anarchie dans la philosophie politique : Réflexions anarchistes sur la typologie traditionnelle des régimes politiques

Les Ateliers de l’Ethique. 2007;2(1):6-17


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Journal Title: Les Ateliers de l’Ethique

ISSN: 1718-9977 (Online)

Publisher: Université de Montréal

Society/Institution: Université de Montréal, Centre de Recherche en Ethique

LCC Subject Category: Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Ethics

Country of publisher: Canada

Language of fulltext: French, English

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Francis Dupuis-Déri


Double blind peer review

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Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 26 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

According to the tradition, only three pure regimes — monarchy, aristocracy and democracy — are said to be capable under certain conditions of ensuring the “common good”. This article argues that a complete typology of political regimes must include ‘anarchy’ not as deviant form of democracy, but rather as an ideal type of pure regime. The new typology shall include monarchy (the rule of one), aristocracy (the rule of a minority), democracy (the rule of the majority) and anarchy (the self-governement of all, through consensus). Finally, it is necessary to remind that political life is not limited to the State, and that anarchy can incarnate itself — here and now — within local and small communities and political groups. Therefore, the blanket rejection of anarchy by philosophers arguing that its political realisation is impossible in our modern world is misleading and necessarily impoverishes our political thinking.