FAULT-RELATED INSTABILITY PROBLEMS OF TUNNELS - THE HOST ROCK SLIP CRITERION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TUNNELING-INDUCED SHEAR DISPLACEMENTS

Civil Engineering Journal. 2017;2017(4):441-458 DOI 10.14311/CEJ.2017.04.0036

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Civil Engineering Journal

ISSN: 1805-2576 (Online)

Publisher: Czech Technical University, Prague

Society/Institution: Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering

LCC Subject Category: Technology: Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)

Country of publisher: Czech Republic

Language of fulltext: Czech, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Jian-guo Liu (Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China)
Xiao-jun Zhou (Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China)
Qing-hua Xiao (Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China)
Wei Zhao (Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, China)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

As one of the fault-related instability problems of tunnels, rock slip along fault plane is closely related to the shear strength of a fault, and usually causes irrecoverable and sometimes catastrophic engineering problems. In this paper, based on continuum assumption and Coulomb-slip failure, a criterion to evaluate rock slip along the fault plane was proposed for a circular tunnel in rock masses containing a fault. A mathematical equation that describes the relationship between required shear strength of a fault and horizontal stress ratio, fault spatial extension and location was established. From the equation, the influences of the important parameters on the required shear strength of a fault was analysed after a numerical validation was performed. Besides, the effects of fault spatial extension and location on the tunnelling-induced shear displacements were characterized through numerical models. Characteristics of the tunnelling-induced shear displacements at the excavation wall indicated that fault location with respect to the tunnel dominates the nonuniform rock deformations at excavation wall, and larger fault dip angles could lead to larger shear displacements in some specific pair cases. The presented investigation provides both a deeper insight into the instability problems of tunnels related to a fault and a guideline for tunnel support design.