PLoS ONE (Jan 2022)

Quantitative ultrasound, elastography, and machine learning for assessment of steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis in chronic liver disease.

  • François Destrempes,
  • Marc Gesnik,
  • Boris Chayer,
  • Marie-Hélène Roy-Cardinal,
  • Damien Olivié,
  • Jeanne-Marie Giard,
  • Giada Sebastiani,
  • Bich N Nguyen,
  • Guy Cloutier,
  • An Tang

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 17, no. 1
p. e0262291


Read online

ObjectiveTo develop a quantitative ultrasound (QUS)- and elastography-based model to improve classification of steatosis grade, inflammation grade, and fibrosis stage in patients with chronic liver disease in comparison with shear wave elastography alone, using histopathology as the reference standard.MethodsThis ancillary study to a prospective institutional review-board approved study included 82 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic hepatitis B or C virus, or autoimmune hepatitis. Elastography measurements, homodyned K-distribution parametric maps, and total attenuation coefficient slope were recorded. Random forests classification and bootstrapping were used to identify combinations of parameters that provided the highest diagnostic accuracy. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were computed.ResultsFor classification of steatosis grade S0 vs. S1-3, S0-1 vs. S2-3, S0-2 vs. S3, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were respectively 0.60, 0.63, and 0.62 with elasticity alone, and 0.90, 0.81, and 0.78 with the best tested model combining QUS and elastography features. For classification of inflammation grade A0 vs. A1-3, A0-1 vs. A2-3, A0-2 vs. A3, AUCs were respectively 0.56, 0.62, and 0.64 with elasticity alone, and 0.75, 0.68, and 0.69 with the best model. For classification of liver fibrosis stage F0 vs. F1-4, F0-1 vs. F2-4, F0-2 vs. F3-4, F0-3 vs. F4, AUCs were respectively 0.66, 0.77, 0.72, and 0.74 with elasticity alone, and 0.72, 0.77, 0.77, and 0.75 with the best model.ConclusionRandom forest models incorporating QUS and shear wave elastography increased the classification accuracy of liver steatosis, inflammation, and fibrosis when compared to shear wave elastography alone.