OncoTargets and Therapy (2020-09-01)

Biological Characterization and Therapeutics for Subscalp Recurrent in Intracranial Glioblastoma

  • Zhang J,
  • Fang S,
  • Song W,
  • Zhang B,
  • Fan W,
  • Jin G,
  • Liu F

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 9085 – 9099

Abstract

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Junwen Zhang,* Sheng Fang,* Wenjie Song, Bo Zhang, Wenhua Fan, Guishan Jin, Fusheng Liu Brain Tumor Research Center, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing Laboratory of Biomedical Materials, Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100070, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Fusheng LiuBrain Tumor Research Center, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, No. 119 Nansihuanxilu, Fengtai District, Beijing 100070, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86-10-59975626Email [email protected]: Gliomas are common intracranial tumors, of which 70% are malignant gliomas. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive tumor, and patients with GBM have a median survival time of only 9– 12 months; extracranial recurrence of GBM is very rare. A therapeutic strategy for this kind of recurrent tumor is lacking.Materials and Methods: We present a case of a patient with extracranial recurrence of subscalp GBM. The subscalp tumor was resected and xenotransplanted into BALB/C nude mice. Then, glioma cells were isolated from the xenograft models and passaged in vitro. HE staining, immunohistochemistry, CCK-8 assays, karyotypic analysis, short tandem repeat STR analysis and flow cytometry were used to analyze the biological characteristics and malignant phenotype of these established cells. The cells and xenografts were then used as preclinical models to evaluate the antitumor efficacy of oncolytic herpes simplex virus 1 (oHSV-1).Results: The isolated cells, which were named BT-01, were positive for Nestin and GFAP. The main characteristics of BT-01 cells were that they harbored glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSCs) and that they possessed highly aggressive migration capacities compared with the existing cell lines U87-MG and U251-MG. Moreover, BT-01 cells tolerated the chemotherapeutic drug temozolomide. Our study showed that oHSV-1 could replicate in and repress the growth of BT-01 cells and significantly inhibit tumor growth in xenograft models.Conclusion: Taken together, our results showed that a new recurrent glioblastoma cell line was established, which can be useful for research on recurrent glioblastoma. We provided a reliable preclinical model to evaluate the antitumor efficacy of oHSV-1 in vivo and a promising therapy for recurrent GBM.Keywords: recurrent glioblastoma, patient-derived xenograft, BT-01 cells, glioblastoma stem-like cells, oncolytic herpes simplex virus 1

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