Objective: To study the characteristics of the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in cancer tissue, peripheral blood and regional lymph nodes (LNs) from patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).Methods: PTC tissue, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and regional LNs of six patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were harvested. T cell receptor beta-chain (TCRβ) profiling was performed though high-throughput sequencing (HTS), and IMonitor, MiXCR and VDJtools were used to analyze the characteristics of the TCR repertoire.Results: The results of IMonitor and those of MiXCR and VDJtools were very similar. The unique CDR3 of TCRβ from LNs was higher than that of PBMCs, and the CDR3 of TCRβ from LNs was higher than that of PTC tissue. Shannon's diversity index, D50, inverse Simpson index_mean and normalized Shannon's diversity index_mean of CDR3 from LNs were higher than those of PTCs and PBMCs. The HEC (high expansion clones) rate of CDR3 sequences at the amino acid level in PTC tissue was higher than that of PBMCs, which was higher than that of LNs. The V-J HEC rate of CDR3 was highest in PTC tissue, followed by PBMCs and LNs.Conclusion: TCR CDR3 profiling showed differences among and within the PBMCs, PTC tissues and regional LNs of PTC, including unique CDR3, CDR3 HEC at the amino acid level, CDR3 V-J HEC at the amino acid level, Shannon's diversity index and D50. The TCRβ repertoire of PTC tissue, peripheral blood and regional LNs of PTC provide a reference for further study of immunity mechanisms against PTC.