Effects of Different Post-Activation Potentiation Warm-Ups on Repeated Sprint Ability in Soccer Players from Different Competitive Levels

Journal of Human Kinetics. 2018;61(1):189-197 DOI 10.1515/hukin-2017-0131


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Journal Title: Journal of Human Kinetics

ISSN: 1899-7562 (Online)

Publisher: Sciendo

Society/Institution: The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Internal medicine: Special situations and conditions: Sports medicine

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Sanchez-Sanchez Javier (Pontifical University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain)
Rodriguez Alejandro (Isabel I Universtiy, Burgos, Spain)
Petisco Cristina (Pontifical University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain)
Ramirez-Campillo Rodrigo (Department of Physical Activity Sciences, Universidad de Los Lagos, Osorno, Chile)
Martínez Cristian (Department of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation, University of La Frontera, Temuco, Chile)
Nakamura Fábio Y. (Department of Medicine and Aging Sciences, “G. d’Annunzio” University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy)


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Time From Submission to Publication: 7 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

This study aimed to compare the effects of a traditional warm-up with two post-activation potentiation (PAP) warm-up strategies on the repeated sprint ability (RSA) of soccer players from national (NL) and regional (RL) competitive levels. Sixteen young players (NL, n = 8, age = 20.7 ± 1.4 y, body mass = 68.5 ± 7.0 kg, body height = 177.4 ± 5.2 cm; RL, n = 8, age = 20.8 ± 1.0 y, body mass = 68.7 ± 4.0 kg, body height = 176.6 ± 5.6 cm) were recruited to complete a traditional warm-up (CONTROL), a PAP warm-up incorporating squats with a load (~60% 1RM) that allowed a high speed (1 m/s) of movement and a high number of repetitions (PAP-1), and a PAP warm-up with a load (~90% 1RM) that allowed a moderate speed (0.5 m/s) of movement and a reduced number of repetitions (PAP-0.5). A RSA test (six 20-m sprints with 20 s of recovery) was performed 5 min after the PAP warm-up to assess the effects of the different protocols on the fastest sprint (RSAb) and the mean time of all sprints (RSAm). A meaningful improvement of RSA performance was observed with PAP-0.5, attaining a large effect on NL (RSAb, ES = -1.5; RSAm, ES = -1.3) and only a small effect on RL athletes (RSAb and RSAm, ES = -0.2). Moreover, when each RSA sprint performance was compared between NL and RL players, after PAP-0.5 greater performance for all sprints was observed in the NL players. Therefore, adding a heavy strength-based conditioning exercise during the warm-up prior to a RSA test may induce significant performance improvements in NL, but only small effects in RL players.