Why regionalism has failed in Latin America: lack of stateness as an important factor for failure of sovereignty transfer in integration projects

Contexto Internacional. 2013;35(2):443-469 DOI 10.1590/S0102-85292013000200005

 

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Journal Title: Contexto Internacional

ISSN: 0102-8529 (Print); 1982-0240 (Online)

Publisher: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

LCC Subject Category: Political science: International relations

Country of publisher: Brazil

Language of fulltext: Portuguese, French, Spanish; Castilian

Full-text formats available: PDF, HTML, XML

 

AUTHORS

Eduardo Pastrana Buelvas (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 8 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

This paper shows, from an interdisciplinary perspective, the incidence of lack of "stateness" and its construction process in Latin American states, as well as showing the reluctance on the part of Latin American states to transfer sovereignty to regional integrational organizations. First, classical and contemporary ideas of sovereignty are contrasted, in order to understand the development of the sovereignty concept in Latin America and Europe. Second, we interpret how the sovereignty concept has been conceived through Latin American states' formation process. Third, the sovereignty process is adressed within integration thinking and its three big waves: the developmental, neoliberal and post-hegemonic waves. Fourth, the concept of sovereignty in Latin America and its impact on the region are discussed critically. Fifth, current regionalism perspectives are explained. Sixth, the current relationship between sovereignty and regionalization in South America is described. And finally, throughout this paper, we maintain that it is the weakness of "stateness" in the Latin American states which has had an important influence on their reluctance to transfer national sovereignty to regional integration institutions.