Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics (2020-10-01)

Associations Between Baseline PROMIS Scores, Patient-Provider Communication Factors, and Musculoskeletal Health Literacy on Differences in Patients’ and Surgeons’ Expectations in Foot and Ankle Surgery

  • Aoife MacMahon BA,
  • Elizabeth Cody MD,
  • Kristin C. Caolo BA,
  • Jensen K. Henry MD,
  • Mark C. Drakos MD,
  • Constantine A. Demetracopoulos MD,
  • A. Holly Johnson MD,
  • Matthew M. Roberts MD,
  • Jonathan T. Deland MD,
  • Oleksandr Savenkov PhD,
  • Scott J. Ellis MD

DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/2473011420S00057
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 5

Abstract

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Category: Other Introduction/Purpose: Aligning patient and surgeon expectations is important, as it allows for informed and shared decision- making and may improve postoperative satisfaction. Patient-provider communication factors have been found to affect differences between patient and surgeon expectations of total knee arthroplasty. Patients with limited health literacy have been found to ask fewer questions and spend less time with their surgeons, and to perceive themselves to have a more passive decision-making role in hand surgery clinic visits. Understanding how these factors affect differences in expectations of foot and ankle surgery is important in order to increase patient-surgeon agreement. This study aimed to assess associations between patient-reported physical and mental status, patient-surgeon communication factors, and musculoskeletal health literacy with differences between patient and surgeon expectations of foot and ankle surgery. Methods: Two hundred two patients scheduled to undergo foot or ankle surgery by one of seven fellowship-trained foot and ankle surgeons at an academic hospital were enrolled. Preoperatively, patients and surgeons completed the Hospital for Special Surgery Foot & Ankle Surgery Expectations Survey independently. Patients also completed Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scores in Physical Function, Pain Interference, Pain Intensity, Depression, and Global Health. Patient involvement in care, provider partnership building, and provider information giving were assessed with the modified Patients’ Perceived Involvement in Care Scale (PICS). Musculoskeletal health literacy was assessed with the Literacy in Musculoskeletal Problems (LiMP) questionnaire. A score >= 6 reflects adequate musculoskeletal literacy and a score = 0.155). Conclusion: Worse baseline patient physical and mental status and higher patient perceptions of provider partnership building were associated with greater patient to surgeon differences in expectations of foot and ankle surgery. It may be beneficial for surgeons to set more realistic expectations with patients who have greater disability and in those whom they have stronger partnerships with in order to increase agreement in expectations. Further studies are warranted to understand how modifications in patient and surgeon interactions affect agreement in their expectations of foot and ankle surgery, and whether musculoskeletal literacy affects these interactions.