Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research (2018-06-01)

Effects of Coriandrum Sativum Extract and Simvastatin in Isopreterenol Induced Heart Failure in Rats

  • Siddiqi Aisha,
  • Parveen Adila,
  • Dhyani Neha,
  • Hussain M. Ejaz,
  • Fahim Mohammad

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 19, no. 2
pp. 119 – 129


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Heart failure is a syndrome, caused due to structural and functional cardiac abnormalities, characterized by changes in the hemodynamic and neurohumoral mechanisms. It is becoming a major health burden worldwide. More effective therapies are desperately needed. Coriandrum sativum (C. sativum), a traditional spice crop has been known to possess many biological and medicinal properties. The present study was designed to investigate the cardioprotective efficacy of C. sativum in rat model of isoproterenol induced heart failure. Heart failure was produced by injecting isoproterenol subcutaneously (85 mg/kg twice at an interval of 24 h). Oral efficacy of seed extract was assessed on hemodynamic profile, antioxidant enzyme activities, lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, atherogenic indices, mRNA and protein expression of endothelin receptors (ETA and ETB) and histopathology. Treatment of heart failure rats with C. sativum orally (1g/kg b.wt) improved the altered hemodynamics, restored the cardiac antioxidant enzymes armory, attenuated oxidative stress, improved lipid profile, lowered atherogenic indices, decreased the levels of ETA and ETB receptor mRNA and protein, and restored the cardiac morphology. In conclusion, our results suggest C. sativum to be a cardioprotective agent in heart failure, possibly by the virtue of its ability to alleviate oxidative stress, improve lipid profile and endothelial dysfunction.