Journal on Interactive Systems (Jan 2024)

Interactive rapid prototyping combining 3D Printing and Augmented Reality

  • Derzu Omaia,
  • Walter F. M. Correia,
  • Andre L. M. Santos

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 15, no. 1


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In the development of new products by the industry, a rapid prototyping stage is recommended so that an initial version of the product can be evaluated. In this way, any necessary corrections can be applied while still in the prototyping stage, preventing design errors from reaching the final product. Augmented Reality (AR) and 3D Printing are techniques that have become ubiquitous in recent years due to the reduction of equipment costs. Several works in the area of rapid prototyping have been developed with one of these techniques in isolation; a few works have tried to unite these two tools. In this work, we propose a new functional rapid prototyping process, combining 3D Printing and AR to create functional interactive prototypes. This process is accomplished by projecting the AR onto the 3D-printed prototype. It interprets the user’s gestures on the physical prototype, converting clicks and touches into actions to be executed on the AR virtual prototype, making the prototype functional and interactive. The proposed system is evaluated by means of case studies and the application of the UEQ (User Experience Questionnaire) to users who have tested the system. This way, it is possible to evaluate the relevance of the proposed process.