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The Civil War in Spain, 1936-1939 and the Image of Enemy in the British Fascist Press

Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2017;6(4):315-326 DOI 10.7596/taksad.v6i4.1176


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Tarih Kültür ve Sanat Araştırmaları Dergisi

ISSN: 2147-0626 (Online)

Publisher: Karabuk University

LCC Subject Category: General Works: History of scholarship and learning. The humanities | Social Sciences: Social sciences (General)

Country of publisher: Turkey

Language of fulltext: Turkish, French, Arabic, English

Full-text formats available: PDF



Vera V. Malay

Svetlana U. Krupskaya

Marina S. Orehova

Andrey P. Urivskii

Nickolay N. Fomichev


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 12 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

The article deals with the analysis of publications of British Fascists newspapers 'Action' and 'The Blackshirt' during the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. The main directions of image of enemy formation are studied on the example of these papers. Forms of presentation and ways of international problems interpreting by far-right publications are studied. The fascist newspaper Action, The Fascist Week and The Blackshirt spoke from the position of nationalism, Imperial identity, anti-liberalism, anti-Soviet and anti-Semitism. The concept of "communism" in the pages of the fascist press has accumulated the most precisely the image of enemy. Articles and notes shaped confusion between "Soviet", "red" and "Communist". The USSR seemed to be "the warmonger" and the "architect of the Civil war in Spain". The destructive role of Soviet Russia in the conflict was proved in the British fascist press. Soviet Union was accused of seeking to plunge Spain and Europe into anarchy. In British fascist publications trend towards stereotyping and myth-making were noticeable, they were opposed to "Western" civilization (as individualistic) and "Eastern", "Communist" (oppressive, traditionalist).