Aim. To reveal the functional originality of subject details in the "Notes of a hunter" by I. Turgenev and S. Aksakov. Methodology. The subject of study is hunting equipment, primarily the targeted use of a rifle. By a comparative analysis of Turgenev and Aksakov, the particularity of the functional originality in the authors' works presented is specified. The study used comparative typological, hermeneutic, descriptive research, and statistical methods. Results. It was established that Turgenev's author's task is to create characters, while Aksakov's task is to describe the practical application of the hunting arsenal. In conclusion, the subject serie's ancillary role in Turgenev's cycle and the subject's key role in Aksakov's notes are shown. Research implications. The study results can be used in the teaching of Russian literature at the university.