International Journal of General Medicine (2020-12-01)

Precision Medicine and Precision Nursing: The Era of Biomarkers and Precision Health

  • Ielapi N,
  • Andreucci M,
  • Licastro N,
  • Faga T,
  • Grande R,
  • Buffone G,
  • Mellace S,
  • Sapienza P,
  • Serra R

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 1705 – 1711

Abstract

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Nicola Ielapi,1,2,* Michele Andreucci,3,* Noemi Licastro,1,4 Teresa Faga,3 Raffaele Grande,5 Gianluca Buffone,6 Sabrina Mellace,7 Paolo Sapienza,5 Raffaele Serra1,4 1Interuniversity Center of Phlebolymphology (CIFL), International Research and Educational Program in Clinical and Experimental Biotechnology, Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 2Department of Public Health and Infectious Disease, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 3Department of Health Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 4Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 5Department of Surgery “P. Valdoni”, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 6Department of Vascular Surgery, Health Agency of Trento, Trento, Italy; 7Department of Patient’s Service, Civic Health Agency of Trento, Trento, Italy*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Raffaele SerraInteruniversity Center of Phlebolymphology (CIFL), International Research and Educational Program in Clinical and Experimental Biotechnology, Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences, Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, Catanzaro 88100, ItalyTel +3909613647380Email [email protected]: Precision health, by means of the support of precision medicine and precision nursing, is able to support clinical decision making in order to tailor optimal health-care decisions, around the individual characteristics of patients. The operational arm of precision health is represented by the use of biomarkers that can give useful information about disease susceptibility, exposure, evolution and response to treatment. Omics, imaging and clinical biomarkers are actually studied for their ability to positively impact health-care management. In this article, we try to address the role of biomarkers in the context of modern medicine and nursing with the view of improving patients care.Keywords: precision medicine, precision nursing, biomarkers, precision health, evidence based medicine, evidence based nursing

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