Applied Sciences (Apr 2021)

UAV Image Multi-Labeling with Data-Efficient Transformers

  • Laila Bashmal,
  • Yakoub Bazi,
  • Mohamad Mahmoud Al Rahhal,
  • Haikel Alhichri,
  • Naif Al Ajlan

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/app11093974
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 11, no. 3974
p. 3974

Abstract

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In this paper, we present an approach for the multi-label classification of remote sensing images based on data-efficient transformers. During the training phase, we generated a second view for each image from the training set using data augmentation. Then, both the image and its augmented version were reshaped into a sequence of flattened patches and then fed to the transformer encoder. The latter extracts a compact feature representation from each image with the help of a self-attention mechanism, which can handle the global dependencies between different regions of the high-resolution aerial image. On the top of the encoder, we mounted two classifiers, a token and a distiller classifier. During training, we minimized a global loss consisting of two terms, each corresponding to one of the two classifiers. In the test phase, we considered the average of the two classifiers as the final class labels. Experiments on two datasets acquired over the cities of Trento and Civezzano with a ground resolution of two-centimeter demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed model.

Keywords