Cells (Jun 2022)

The Role of Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition in Cardiovascular Disease

  • Qianman Peng,
  • Dan Shan,
  • Kui Cui,
  • Kathryn Li,
  • Bo Zhu,
  • Hao Wu,
  • Beibei Wang,
  • Scott Wong,
  • Vikram Norton,
  • Yunzhou Dong,
  • Yao Wei Lu,
  • Changcheng Zhou,
  • Hong Chen

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 11, no. 11
p. 1834


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Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) is the process of endothelial cells progressively losing endothelial-specific markers and gaining mesenchymal phenotypes. In the normal physiological condition, EndoMT plays a fundamental role in forming the cardiac valves of the developing heart. However, EndoMT contributes to the development of various cardiovascular diseases (CVD), such as atherosclerosis, valve diseases, fibrosis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Therefore, a deeper understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying EndoMT in CVD should provide urgently needed insights into reversing this condition. This review summarizes a 30-year span of relevant literature, delineating the EndoMT process in particular, key signaling pathways, and the underlying regulatory networks involved in CVD.