Polymers (2018-12-01)

All-Solid-State Lithium Battery Working without an Additional Separator in a Polymeric Electrolyte

  • Seonggyu Cho,
  • Shinho Kim,
  • Wonho Kim,
  • Seok Kim,
  • Sungsook Ahn

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10121364
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 10, no. 12
p. 1364

Abstract

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Considering the safety issues of Li ion batteries, an all-solid-state polymer electrolyte has been one of the promising solutions. Achieving a Li ion conductivity of a solid-state electrolyte comparable to that of a liquid electrolyte (>1 mS/cm) is particularly challenging. Even with characteristic ion conductivity, employment of a polyethylene oxide (PEO) solid electrolyte has not been sufficient due to high crystallinity. In this study, hybrid solid electrolyte (HSE) systems have been designed with Li1.3Al0.3Ti0.7(PO4)3 (LATP), PEO and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI). A hybrid solid cathode (HSC) is also designed using LATP, PEO and lithium cobalt oxide (LiCoO2, LCO)—lithium manganese oxide (LiMn2O4, LMO). The designed HSE system has 2.0 × 10−4 S/cm (23 °C) and 1.6 × 10−3 S/cm (55 °C) with a 6.0 V electrochemical stability without an additional separator membrane introduction. In these systems, succinonitrile (SN) has been incorporated as a plasticizer to reduce crystallinity of PEO for practical all-solid Li battery system development. The designed HSC/HSE/Li metal cell in this study operates without any leakage and short-circuits even under the broken cell condition. The designed HSC/HSE/Li metal cell in this study displays an initial charge capacity of 82/62 mAh/g (23 °C) and 123.4/102.7 mAh/g (55 °C). The developed system overcomes typical disadvantages of internal resistance induced by Ti ion reduction. This study contributes to a new technology development of all-solid-state Li battery for commercial product design.

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