Caribbean Medical Journal (May 2023)

Clinical Features and Outcomes of COVID-19 Infections at a Teaching Hospital in Kingston, Jamaica

  • Tamara Thompson,
  • Yvonne Dawkins,
  • Swane Rowe-Gardener,
  • Lisa Chin-Harty,
  • Kyaw Kyaw Hoe,
  • Trevor S. Ferguson,
  • Kelvin Ehikhametalor,
  • Kelly Ann Gordon-Johnson,
  • Varough Deyde


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Objective We examined the demographic, clinical characteristics and indicators of poor outcomes among hospitalised adults with COVID-19 infection at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica. Methods A retrospective medical record review between March 10 and December 31, 2020 was done and demographic clinical data were collected. Results There were 218 males (mean age 59.5 years) and 144 females (mean age 55.7 years). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, obesity and chronic kidney disease were the most common comorbidities. Cough, shortness of breath, fever and malaise were the most common presenting complaints. Fifty-one per cent of patients were moderately to severely ill on admission; 11% were critically ill; 18% were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Death occurred in 62 (17%) patients (95% CI 13.6-21.4). Among obese participants, there were increased odds of developing respiratory failure (OR 5.2, p 1000 ng/mL (OR 2.78; p = 0.03), serum albumin 485 U/L OR 1.92, p = 0.11). Conclusions Comorbidities were prevalent among COVID-19 cases in this study. Significant correlates of mortality were older age and obesity. Hypoalbuminaemia, elevated D-dimer and serum LDH at admission also portend a poor prognosis.