The soil erosion has been going on seriously in the Çoruh River Valley. Climate changes to dry terrestrial climate from marine as one moves to inland through the valley. It is necessary to maintain ecological balance between soil and vegetation in this region where the terrain is very steep and rugged, and subject to significant soil erosion. Therefore, determination of the potential afforestation and erosion control areas would be the first step towards stopping inappropriate land use practices and erosion. According to our results 153915 ha area in forest boundary and 55990 ha area out of forest boundary are subject to afforestation and erosion control efforts in Artvin province. Between 1992 and 2003 380.8 ha afforestation and 1009.2 ha erosion control are planned per year, and 35.4 % and 104.5 % are realized, respectively.