Infection and Drug Resistance (Jul 2021)

Invasive Klebsiella pneumoniae Infections in Community-Settings and Healthcare Settings

  • Qiu Y,
  • Lin D,
  • Xu Y,
  • Cheng Y,
  • Wang F,
  • Zhu Q,
  • Zhu C,
  • Wan C,
  • Zhu Y,
  • Tong J,
  • Li R,
  • Zhou Q,
  • Chen M,
  • Shan Q,
  • Zhuo Z,
  • Wang C,
  • Zhao S,
  • Song W,
  • Zeng M

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 14
pp. 2647 – 2656


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Yue Qiu,1,* Daojiong Lin,2,* Yi Xu,3,* Yibing Cheng,4 Fang Wang,5 Qingxiong Zhu,6 Chunhui Zhu,6 Chaomin Wan,7 Yu Zhu,7 Jianning Tong,8 Rui Li,8 Qionghua Zhou,2 Minxia Chen,3 Qingwen Shan,9 Zhiqiang Zhuo,10 Caihong Wang,10 Shiyong Zhao,11 Wen Song,11 Mei Zeng1 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, ShangHai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Hainan Women and Children’s Medical Center, Haikou, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Infections Disease, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Emergency, Children’s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University (Henan Children’s Hospital), Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China; 5Department of Infections Disease, Children’s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University (Henan Children’s Hospital), Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Infection Diseases, Children’s hospital of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang, People’s Republic of China; 7Department of Pediatrics, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China; 8Department of Pediatric, Gastroenterology and Infectious Diseases, Qingdao Women and Children’s Hospital, Qingdao, People’s Republic of China; 9Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, People’s Republic of China; 10Department of Infectious Diseases, Xiamen Children’s Hospital, Xiamen, People’s Republic of China; 11Department of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou Children’s Hospital, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Mei ZengDepartment of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital of Fudan University, 399 Wanyuan Road, Shanghai, 201102, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86-21-64931132Email [email protected]: To assess clinical characteristics, outcomes and antimicrobial resistance of invasive Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) infections in Chinese pediatric patients in hospital and community settings.Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in the nine tertiary hospitals during 2016– 2018. The 324 pediatric inpatients who had KP isolated from blood and cerebrospinal fluid and had complete medical records reviewed were included. We analyzed the risk factors, outcomes and antimicrobial resistance pattern of KP-infected patients based on comparison between healthcare-associated KP infections (HAI) and community-acquired infections.Results: Of the 324 enrolled patients, 275 (84.9%) were clinically defined as HAI, including 175 (63.6%) neonates and 100 (36.4%) aged > 28 days. The overall prevalence of CRKP was 38.2% (43.4% in HAI verse 8.7% in CAI, P < 0.05). Prematurity (odds ratio (OR): 37.07, 95% CI: 8.29– 165.84), hematologic malignancies (OR: 15.52, 95% CI: 1.89– 127.14) and invasive mechanical ventilation (OR: 13.09, 95% CI: 1.66– 103.56) were independent risk factors for HAI. Patients from rural area (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.12– 3.35), invasive mechanical ventilation (OR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.25– 4.33), antibiotic therapy prior to admission (OR: 2.33, 95% CI: 1.25– 4.33) and prior hospital stay in the past 30 days (OR: 3.46, 95% CI: 1.87– 6.41) were associated with healthcare-associated CRKP infections. Organ dysfunction was independently correlated with poor outcomes (OR: 2.92, 95% CI: 1.23– 6.95).Conclusion: Pediatric invasive KP infections and high prevalence of CRKP infections largely occurred in healthcare settings in China. The adequate and intensified infection control measures should be focused on high-risk hematologic patients, neonatal patients and intubated patients.Keywords: Klebsiella pneumoniae, healthcare-associated infections, children