International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring (Feb 2024)

A Systematic Review of Socio-Cognitive Mindfulness Interventions and its Implications for Wellbeing Coaching

  • Katie Crabtree,
  • Julia Papworth,
  • William Pennington,
  • Katherine Swainston

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 22, no. 1
pp. 84 – 108


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This review investigates the relevance of socio-cognitive mindfulness (Langer, 1989) to wellbeing coaching by systematically synthesising the evidence to understand how socio-cognitive mindfulness interventions work. The search yielded 2,867 peer-reviewed studies with twelve papers meeting the eligibility criteria. The interventions induced socio-cognitive mindfulness with non-clinical adults via one or more psychological processes to achieve intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental wellbeing. Six of the studies employed exercises to produce boosts in wellbeing, whilst six conducted extended programmes, of which three demonstrated sustained wellbeing improvements. The findings indicate that socio-cognitive mindfulness could provide valuable insights for practitioners and synergistic benefits for wellbeing coaching.