Cell Death and Disease (Feb 2023)
Non-canonical functions of spliceosome components in cancer progression
Abstract Dysregulation of pre-mRNA splicing is a common hallmark of cancer cells and it is associated with altered expression, localization, and mutations of the components of the splicing machinery. In the last few years, it has been elucidated that spliceosome components can also influence cellular processes in a splicing-independent manner. Here, we analyze open source data to understand the effect of the knockdown of splicing factors in human cells on the expression and splicing of genes relevant to cell proliferation, migration, cell cycle regulation, DNA repair, and cell death. We supplement this information with a comprehensive literature review of non-canonical functions of splicing factors linked to cancer progression. We also specifically discuss the involvement of splicing factors in intercellular communication and known autoregulatory mechanisms in restoring their levels in cells. Finally, we discuss strategies to target components of the spliceosome machinery that are promising for anticancer therapy. Altogether, this review greatly expands understanding of the role of spliceosome proteins in cancer progression.