Processes (Apr 2021)

Effect of Vertical Permeability Heterogeneity in Stratified Formation on Electricity Generation Performance of Enhanced Geothermal System

  • Yuchao Zeng,
  • Fangdi Sun,
  • Haizhen Zhai

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9050744
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 9, no. 744
p. 744

Abstract

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Because geologic sedimentation and hydrofracturing processes are not homogeneous, the reservoirs of enhanced geothermal systems (EGSs) are also heterogeneous; this has a significant influence on the electricity generation performance of EGS. Presently, there are a lack of systematic and profound studies on the effect of vertical permeability heterogeneity in stratified formation on the electricity generation performance of EGS. In order to uncover the effect of vertical permeability heterogeneity on electricity generation performance of EGS, in this work we analyzed the influence of vertical permeability heterogeneity on electricity generation performance of EGS through a numerical method based on geological data at the Yangbajing geothermal field. The results indicate that when the average permeability of stratified formations is constant for a homogeneous reservoir, the system attains maximum water production rate, maximum electric power, minimum reservoir impedance and maximum pump power; with the increasing of the vertical permeability heterogeneity, the water production rate gradually decreases, the electric power gradually declines, the reservoir impedance gradually increases and the pump power gradually declines. When the average permeability of stratified formations is constant, with the increasing of the vertical permeability heterogeneity, the injection pressure and energy efficiency only changes very slightly; this indicates that the vertical permeability heterogeneity is not the main factor affecting the system injection pressure and energy efficiency.

Keywords