Communications in Science and Technology (2020-07-01)

Three-dimensional pore structure of activated carbon monolithic derived from hierarchically bamboo stem for supercapacitor application

  • Erman Taer,
  • Lini Pratiwi,
  • Apriwandi Apriwandi,
  • Widya Sinta Mustika,
  • Rika Taslim,
  • Agustino Agustino

DOI
https://doi.org/10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.180
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 5, no. 1
pp. 22 – 30

Abstract

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A three-dimensional pore structure on activated carbon derived from hierarchically bamboo stem was synthesized in the monolithic form for increased applicability as a supercapacitor electrode. The preparation involved two step carbonizations, using a chemical activation at different concentrations. Subsequently, the morphology, chemical content, specific surface area and pore size distribution, as well as crystalline degree were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy, energy X-ray (EDX), N2 sorption and X-ray diffraction, respectively. Therefore, cyclic voltammetry (CV) was used to assess the electrochemical performance, in a two electrode system. The result shows the significant impact of the three-dimensional structure on electrochemical performance, and the optimized sample exhibited specific capacitance of 168.8 F g-1, energy density of 23.44 Wh kg-1, and power density of 84.46 W kg-1.