Epidermal studies of three species of Vernonia Schreb. in Southern Nigeria

Biodiversitas. 2014;15(2):137-141 DOI 10.13057/biodiv/d150204


Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Biodiversitas

ISSN: 1412-033X (Print); 2085-4722 (Online)

Publisher: MBI & UNS Solo

Society/Institution: Society for Indonesian Biodiversity

LCC Subject Category: Science: Biology (General)

Country of publisher: Indonesia

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF



CATHERINE IJEOMA KEMKA-EVANS (Department of Biology, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, P.M.B 1033, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. Tel.: +234 083 230300, email:[email protected])

BOSA OKOLI (Regional Centre for Bioresources and Biotechnology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.)

CHIB UIKE NWACHUKWU (Department of Biology, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, P.M.B 1033, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.)


Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 6 weeks


Abstract | Full Text

Kemka-Evans CI, Okoli B, Nwachukwu CU. 2014. Epidermal studies of three species of Vernonia Schreber in Southern Nigeria. Biodiversitas 15: 137-141.The leaf epidermal studies of three species of Vernonia namely V. cinerea (L) Less, V. amygdalina Delile. (bitter leaf and non-bitter leaf variety) and V. conferta Benth. were undertaken with the aim of revealing their foliar characters which will enhance their identification and determination of their taxonomic relationship. Matured leaves were soaked in Sodium Oxochlorate II for 24hours to separate the epidermal surfaces. Data from the measurement of stomata and epidermal cells were analyzed. The presence of diagnostic characters such as contiguous stomata and sinuous anticlinal walls on the abaxial leaf surface of non-bitter variety of V. amygdalina and on both leaf surfaces (adaxial and abaxial) of V. cinerea are of taxonomic importance. The irregular T-shaped trichomes on the leaf surfaces of V. amygdalina (bitter leaf) and the cuticular striations on the adaxial surface of the same taxa could be used to delimit the taxa from the other species. The distribution of the stomata show hypoamphistomatic in all the three species studied. Anomocytic stomata occurred on all the taxa studied. Anisocytic stomata were found on the abaxial surface of V. conferta. These characters examined revealed interspecies relationship among the three species and also suggest that V. amygdalina (non bitter leaf) is a variety of V. amygdalina (bitter leaf) and should not be regard as another species of Vernonia. The epidermal leaf characters of V. amygdalina (non-bitter leaf) is also been reported for the first time.