International Journal of Adolescence and Youth (2020-12-01)

Problematic gambling behaviour in adolescents: prevalence and its relation to social, self-regulatory, and academic self-efficacy

  • Paolo Bozzato,
  • Claudio Longobardi,
  • Matteo Angelo Fabris

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 25, no. 1
pp. 907 – 919


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A non-random sample of 560 Italian high school students completed a questionnaire consisting of demographic items and questions about gambling behaviour, motivations, and perceived social, self-regulatory, and academic self-efficacy. Among these participants, 49 of them were classified as at-risk gamblers, 21 as problem gamblers, and the rest as non-at-risk/problem gamblers or non-players. Chi-square tests showed that gambling, several game types, some motivations to gamble, and at-risk/problem gambling were more common among males than females. Logistic regression was employed to predict the risk of being an at-risk/problem gambler and results showed that medium and high levels of self-efficacy halves this risk; however, the halving of the risk was not statistically significant with respect to perceived academic self-efficacy. It was concluded that the three forms of self-efficacy taken into consideration can be protective factors for at-risk/problem gambling.