L'Inde de 1919 à 1941 : nationalismes, « communalisme », prosélytisme et fondamentalisme

Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée. 2002;95(98):111-125 DOI 10.4000/remmm.229

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée

ISSN: 0997-1327 (Print); 2105-2271 (Online)

Publisher: Université de Provence

LCC Subject Category: History (General) and history of Europe: History of Africa | Social Sciences: Social sciences (General)

Country of publisher: France

Language of fulltext: French, English

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AUTHORS

Marc Gaborieau

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 52 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The définitive rupture between Hindus and Muslims occurred, on the political level, during the interwar period in 1930, after the philosophical poet, Iqbâl (1876-1938), called for a separate state for Muslims whose name (Pakistan) was invented as early as 1935. An ideological break had preceded the political rupture. The Hindu right had already forged the notion of « Hinduism » (hindutva) as early as 1923, a claim founded on the rejection of medieval Muslim India, i.e. Mughal India. The Muslims fought back, in particular, through the person of Mawdûdî (1903-1979) who, in his first book in 1927, eulogised the war jihâd and tried to rehabilita-te medieval Islam in its pureness and aggressiveness. These writings carried the seed for the Jamâ'at-i Islâmî, a militant organisation which was formally organised in 1941. Deterioration in the relations between the two religious communities went hand in hand with this double rupture : this confrontation was known as « commu-nalism » in Anglo-Indian parlance. Proselyte missionary organisations were created in the two communities, including the Tablîghî Jamâ'at for Muslims in 1927.