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Macrohistory of the legal transformations in Iran from the reception of Turk-Mongolian law to the inception of legal modernization

Oñati Socio-Legal Series. 2020;10(5):1001-1015

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Oñati Socio-Legal Series

ISSN: 2079-5971 (Online)

Publisher: Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law

Society/Institution: Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law

LCC Subject Category: Law: Law in general. Comparative and uniform law. Jurisprudence: Private international law. Conflict of laws: Social legislation

Country of publisher: Spain

Language of fulltext: English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Basque

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Saïd Amir Arjomand (Stony Brook University)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 16 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

Two major transformations in the constitutional history of the Islamic Middle East are examined with reference to Iran. Two snapshots sketch the consequences of the reception, respectively, of the Turko-Mongolian since the first half of the fifteenth century, marked the reconciliation of Turko-Mongolian and Islamic law, and of the legal framework of the international system of modern nation-states in the nineteenth century. The turning point from the Turko-Mongolian to the modern legal transplantation is the collapse of the last Turko-Mongolian empire in world history &ndash; that of Nāder Shah (1736-1747). It was followed by half a century of internecine tribal warfare from which Iran emerged as a state forced to adopt Western law in the century-long course of its defensive modernization against imperialist pressure that resulted in the inception of legal modernization. <br /><br /> Se analizan dos grandes transformaciones de la historia constitucional del Medio Oriente isl&aacute;mico, con referencia a Ir&aacute;n. Dos radiograf&iacute;as bosquejan las consecuencias de la recepci&oacute;n, respectivamente, de los turco-mongoles a partir de la primera mitad del siglo XV &ndash;marcando la reconciliaci&oacute;n del derecho turco-mongol e isl&aacute;mico&ndash; y del marco jur&iacute;dico para el sistema internacional de los modernos Estados-naci&oacute;n en el siglo XIX. El punto de inflexi&oacute;n del trasplante turco-mongol al derecho moderno es la ca&iacute;da del &uacute;ltimo Imperio Turco-Mongol de Nāder Shah (1736-1747). Sigui&oacute; medio siglo de guerras internas entre tribus, de las cuales emergi&oacute; Ir&aacute;n como un Estado obligado a adoptar el derecho occidental en el curso de un siglo de su modernizaci&oacute;n defensiva contra las presiones imperialistas, lo cual dio como resultado el comienzo de la modernizaci&oacute;n jur&iacute;dica.<br /><br /> <strong>Available from:</strong> <a href="https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1069" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1069</a>