The complicity of religion in the mobilization of the population is undeniable being, but the functions of this institution may differ, depending on the current regime, the specific situation, the crisis or the need for change. In connection with the formation and development of religious education, specific historical events reflecting the stabilizing / destabilizing functions of religion have been considered in this article. Also, the ratio of religious and secular education has been presented by the author. The forms of interaction between religion and education in the system of modern society have been listed. Some educational institutions that carry out religious education today have been indicated.