Folklor/Edebiyat (2021-02-01)

Source of Kazakh Folk Medicines / Kazak Halk Hekimliğinin Kaynağı

  • Karlygash Ashirkhanova

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 27, no. 105
pp. 101 – 118


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Folk Medicine, which is as old as human history, still maintains its functionality with the practical methods applied in the diagnosis and treatment of some diseases, although modern medical science is advancing and developing day by day. Kazakh Folk Medicine which has a rich and deep-rooted history, is based on belief systems such as Shamanism and Totemism. Today’s folklore, by feeding from different sources up to present and named the origins of folk physicians differently, such as bakshi, labor, awliya, medical, lover, balger, molla, have been examined. In Kazakh bakhshi and medicine a large number of folk physicians have lived and are still living, especially the bakhsi, whose inspiration is Dede Korkut and hiz melody. In this study, some applications of bakhsis who accept Korkut Ata as her master are given. The history and development period of Bakhsi tradition not only in the region where they lived, but also in all Kazakh regions, the source of transition to bakhsi, the place, duty and opinions of the Bakhsian and the opinions put forward about them,in society, The special clothes of Bakhsi and the instruments that are considered to be very important and sacred during the ritual will be introduced and evaluated. In our study, it was emphasized that the treatment methods of the Bakshi, which are the first practitioners of Kazakh folk medicine, were determined and changed shape by going through time.The identification of cultural codes and their transfer to the next generations can be realized in many different ways. When we examine the sources that have survived until today, we see that there are studies based on time-spaceperson-trio. It is aimed to understand, describe and introduce to the science world how Kazakh folk medicine methods and those who carry out this work struggle to exist in the cultural transition period and how it changes shape afterwards.