Journal of Medical Education and Development (May 2022)
A Comparative Comparison of Accreditation Model of Undergraduate Nursing Curriculum in Iran, Canada and the United States
Introduction: Accreditation is one of the most important tools to improve the quality of education in nursing. This study has made a comparative comparison of the accreditation model of the Bachelor of Nursing training program in Iran, Canada and the United States. Methods: A descriptive and comparative study was conducted in 2021. keywords like "accreditation", "undergraduate nursing", "educational program or curriculum", "Canada", "Iran", and "America" were searched in Persian and English via relevant sites and the Bereday model in 4 stages of description, interpretation, proximity, and comparison was used for comparative comparison. Results: Accreditation in the Iranian model is more focused on managerial, structural and administrative standards. In the American model, it focuses on global developments in the field of health, providing educational programs with intercultural and transnational perspectives, interprofessional cooperation, distance education, evaluating learning outcomes and using its results in the development of education. The Canadian model focuses on participatory management, inspirational leadership, development of nursing professional competencies tailored to community health needs, team care in various areas of prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, interprofessional training, independence and freedom of action in budgeting for faculty members. Conclusion: Between the three study models, the Canadian and American models totaly specializes in nursing, and of course the Canadian model is more comprehensive, and since there are no specific accreditation standards for nursing in Iran, these two programs can be used as a suitable model to be taken.