Biomedicines (2020-11-01)

Quercetin-Based Nanocomposites as a Tool to Improve Dental Disease Management

  • Giuseppe Angellotti,
  • Denise Murgia,
  • Giuseppina Campisi,
  • Viviana De Caro

DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines8110504
Journal volume & issue
Vol. 8, no. 504
p. 504

Abstract

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The restoration and prosthetic rehabilitation of missing teeth are commonly performed using dental implants, which are extremely effective and long-lasting techniques due to their osteointegration ability with the preimplant tissues. Quercetin is a phytoestrogen-like flavonoid well known for its several positive effects on human health, mostly linked to the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Moreover, many studies in dentistry and the maxillofacial fields have highlighted the positive effects of quercetin on osteogenesis, acting on osteoblast activity and angiogenetic process, and promoting soft and hard tissue regeneration. This review focuses on the role of quercetin on the healing and restoration of bony defects, considering the experimental findings of its application both in vitro and in vivo as a mere compound or in association with scaffolds and dental implants having functionalized surfaces.

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