The purpose of this study is to increase the level of specific working capacity of the students from the basketball groups of high schools by optimizing the work for the development of the special motor qualities. The subject of the study is the training in the groups "Sport of choice - basketball". The object of the research is the signs of special physical preparedness and their development during the training in the higher school. In the study participate 50 students from the University of National and World Economy, divided into two equivalent groups (experimental and control). For the needs of the study a sports-pedagogical experiment is conducted. During the working period, the experimental group is subjected to the impacts, included in the developed own training program and the control group – to these in the standard program. To solve the purpose and tasks of the study, the following methods of research are used: theoretical analysis, sports-pedagogical testing. The results of the conducted sportspedagogical testing are processed using the following mathematical and statistical methods: variational analysis and verification of hypotheses, using the comparative t-criterion of Student. The analysis of the results proves the effectiveness of the developed training program for physical fitness.