The article analyzes the development and use of the blockchain technology in Russia. The authors assess the implemented solutions of the “distributed register” technology, the national blockchain platform Masterchain and the “Digital economy” program in particular. The process of developing solutions for the digitalization of different sectors of the economy is considered. Support of the “digital” trend of the country development by the first persons of the state is also scrutinized. Having analyzed the political practice and legal framework, the authors come to the conclusion about the need for joint work of all branches of the government on the construction of a digital society in modern Russia.