Nutrition of patients during radio and chemotherapy

Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2018;8(9):549-555 DOI 10.5281/zenodo.1412026

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Journal of Education, Health and Sport

ISSN: 2391-8306 (Online)

Publisher: Kazimierz Wielki University

Society/Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland

LCC Subject Category: Education | Geography. Anthropology. Recreation: Recreation. Leisure: Sports | Medicine

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: Russian, Polish, Spanish; Castilian, Ukrainian, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS

Małgorzata Nartowicz (Chair and Clinic of Oncological Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń)
Aleksandra Jaworska-Czerwińska (Department of Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń; 10th Military Research Hospital and Polyclinic, Bydgoszcz)
Sonia Nartowicz (Faculty of Medicine and Medical University of Karol Marcinkowski in Poznań)
Karolina Małgorzata Juraszek (Department of Physiotherapy, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń; Eskulap Hospital in Osielsko, Rehabilitation Center)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Peer review

Editorial Board

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Time From Submission to Publication: 4 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The most common method of cancer treatment still includes surgical treatment, which is also the oldest way to fight cancer. Radiotherapy is currently one of the basic method of treating malignant tumors [1]. This method uses the action of ionizing radiation. However, the radiation does not work selectively and also damages healthy tissues. Chemotherapy - the youngest method of cancer treatment - consists in administering to patients cytostatics that block the basic life functions of the cell, mainly by disrupting the ability to divide and multiply cancer cells. Each of the mentioned therapeutic methods may cause side effects in addition to the therapeutic effect. Anorexia, vomiting, nausea and diarrhea or constipation are most often observed. During radiotherapy and chemotherapy, patients observe changes in taste, dry mouth and the possibility of oral irritation [2]. Through the occurrence of side effects of radio and chemotherapy, patients are exposed to the development of malnutrition and even cachexia. For this reason, intensive counseling and individual diet modification should be used in all patients undergoing radio and chemotherapy.