Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (Jan 1994)

Fractal trajectories in a numerical model of the upper Indian Ocean

  • S. D. Meyers,
  • J. F. Magnan,
  • J. J. O'Brien

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 1, no. 1
pp. 45 – 50


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A wind-driven numerical model of the Indian Ocean is used to examine the horizontal statistics of hundreds of passive tracers spread evenly over the model domain. The distribution covers several dynamically distinct regions, revealing a variety of Lagrangian behaviours associated with different geographic locations. In particular, a cluster of trajectories with scaling dimension as large as 1.3 exists throughout the equatorial zone. Spectral analysis of trajectory displacements indicates mixed Rossby-gravity waves are involved in the production of some fractal trajectories.