Regulation of mitochondrial function and energy metabolism: A primary mechanism of cytoprotection provided by carnosine

Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018;4(1) DOI 10.1111/tips.v4i1.173

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences

ISSN: 2423-5652 (Online)

Publisher: Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

LCC Subject Category: Medicine: Pharmacy and materia medica

Country of publisher: Iran, Islamic Republic of

Language of fulltext: English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Reza Heidari (Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center)

Vahid Ghanbarinejad

Mohammad Mehdi Ommati

Akram Jamshidzadeh

Hossein Niknahad

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Double blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 10 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

<p>Carnosine is an abundantly found dipeptide present in different tissues. Several pharmacological properties have been attributed to carnosine. On the other hand, the precise mechanism of cytoprotection provided by carnosine remains obscure. The current study aimed to evaluate the direct effect of different concentrations of carnosine on cellular mitochondria as an essential target involved in the cytoprotection/cytotoxicity. Liver mitochondria were isolated and exposed to carnosine (0.01-20 mM). Mitochondrial depolarization, dehydrogenases activity, mitochondrial swelling and permeability, and ATP content were assessed. On the other hand, the effect of carnosine supplementation on calcium (Ca<sup>2+</sup>) overload-induced mitochondrial injury was evaluated. It was found that concentrations between 0.01-20 mM of this peptide preserved mitochondrial indices of functionality in a Ca<sup>2+ </sup>overloaded environment. These data represent regulation of mitochondrial function as a primary mechanism for the protective properties of carnosine.</p>