Polish Soil Classification, 6th edition – principles, classification scheme and correlations

Soil Science Annual. 2019;70(2):71-97 DOI 10.2478/ssa-2019-0009

 

Journal Homepage

Journal Title: Soil Science Annual

ISSN: 2300-4975 (Online)

Publisher: Sciendo

Society/Institution: Polish Society of Soil Science

LCC Subject Category: Science: Biology (General)

Country of publisher: Poland

Language of fulltext: Polish, English

Full-text formats available: PDF

 

AUTHORS


Kabała Cezary (Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Soil Science and Environmental Protection ul. Grunwaldzka 53, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland)

Charzyński Przemysław (Nicolai Copernicus University in Toruń, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Soil Science and Landscape Management ul. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland)

Chodorowski Jacek (Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, Department of Geology and Soil Science, ul. Kraśnicka 2cd, 20-718 Lublin, Poland)

Drewnik Marek (Jagiellonian University, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Department of Pedology and Soil Geography ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland)

Glina Bartłomiej (Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Soil Science and Land Protection ul. Szydłowska 50, 60-656 Poznań, Poland)

Greinert Andrzej (University of Zielona Góra, Institute of Environmental Engineering ul. Szafrana 15, 65-516 Zielona Góra, Poland)

Hulisz Piotr (Nicolai Copernicus University in Toruń, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Soil Science and Landscape Management ul. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland)

Jankowski Michał (Nicolai Copernicus University in Toruń, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Soil Science and Landscape Management ul. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland)

Jonczak Jerzy (Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Department of Soil Environment Sciences, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776Warsaw, Poland)

Łabaz Beata (Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Soil Science and Environmental Protection ul. Grunwaldzka 53, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland)

Łachacz Andrzej (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation Plac Łódzki 3, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland)

Marzec Marian (Bureau for Forest Management and Geodesy ul. Piastowska 9, 49-300 Brzeg, Poland)

Mendyk Łukasz (Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Soil Science and Land Protection ul. Szydłowska 50, 60-656 Poznań, Poland)

Musiał Przemysław (Bureau for Forest Management and Geodesy ul. Leśników 21, Sękocin Stary, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland)

Musielok Łukasz (Jagiellonian University, Institute of Geography and Spatial Management, Department of Pedology and Soil Geography ul. Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland)

Smreczak Bożena (Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation ul. Czartoryskich 8, 24-100 Puławy, Poland)

Sowiński Paweł (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Department of Soil Science and Land Reclamation Plac Łódzki 3, 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland)

Świtoniak Marcin (Nicolai Copernicus University in Toruń, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Soil Science and Landscape Management ul. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland)

Uzarowicz Łukasz (Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Department of Soil Environment Sciences, ul. Nowoursynowska 159, 02-776Warsaw, Poland)

Waroszewski Jarosław (Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Institute of Soil Science and Environmental Protection ul. Grunwaldzka 53, 50-375 Wrocław, Poland)

EDITORIAL INFORMATION

Blind peer review

Editorial Board

Instructions for authors

Time From Submission to Publication: 29 weeks

 

Abstract | Full Text

The sixth edition of the Polish Soil Classification (SGP6) aims to maintain soil classification in Poland as a modern scientific system that reflects current scientific knowledge, understanding of soil functions and the practical requirements of society. SGP6 continues the tradition of previous editions elaborated upon by the Soil Science Society of Poland in consistent application of quantitatively characterized diagnostic horizons, properties and materials; however, clearly referring to soil genesis. The present need to involve and name the soils created or naturally developed under increasing human impact has led to modernization of the soil definition. Thus, in SGP6, soil is defined as the surface part of the lithosphere or the accumulation of mineral and organic materials permanently connected to the lithosphere (through buildings or permanent constructions), coming from weathering or accumulation processes, originated naturally or anthropogenically, subject to transformation under the influence of soil-forming factors, and able to supply living organisms with water and nutrients. SGP6 distinguishes three hierarchical categories: soil order (nine in total), soil type (basic classification unit; 30 in total) and soil subtype (183 units derived from 62 unique definitions; listed hierarchically, separately in each soil type), supplemented by three non-hierarchical categories: soil variety (additional pedogenic or lithogenic features), soil genus (lithology/parent material) and soil species (soil texture). Non-hierarchical units have universal definitions that allow their application in various orders/types, if all defined requirements are met. The paper explains the principles, classification scheme and rules of SGP6, including the key to soil orders and types, explaining the relationships between diagnostic horizons, materials and properties distinguished in SGP6 and in the recent edition of WRB system as well as discussing the correlation of classification units between SGP6, WRB and Soil Taxonomy.