IEEE Access (Jan 2020)

IoT in the Wake of COVID-19: A Survey on Contributions, Challenges and Evolution

  • Musa Ndiaye,
  • Stephen S. Oyewobi,
  • Adnan M. Abu-Mahfouz,
  • Gerhard P. Hancke,
  • Anish M. Kurien,
  • Karim Djouani

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 8
pp. 186821 – 186839


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The novel coronavirus (COVID-19), declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a global pandemic, has brought with it changes to the general way of life. Major sectors of the world industry and economy have been affected and the Internet of Things (IoT) management and framework is no exception in this regard. This article provides an up to date survey on how a global pandemic such as COVID-19 has affected the world of IoT technologies. It looks at the contributions that IoT and associated sensor technologies have made towards virus tracing, tracking and spread mitigation. The associated challenges of deployment of sensor hardware in the face of a rapidly spreading pandemic have been looked into as part of this review article. The effects of a global pandemic on the evolution of IoT architectures and management have also been addressed, leading to the likely outcomes on future IoT implementations. In general, this article provides an insight into the advancement of sensor-based E-health towards the management of global pandemics. It also answers the question of how a global virus pandemic has shaped the future of IoT networks.