Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity : Targets and Therapy (2020-04-01)

miRNA-221-3p in Endothelial Progenitor Cell-Derived Exosomes Accelerates Skin Wound Healing in Diabetic Mice

  • Xu J,
  • Bai S,
  • Cao Y,
  • Liu L,
  • Fang Y,
  • Du J,
  • Luo L,
  • Chen M,
  • Shen B,
  • Zhang Q

Journal volume & issue
Vol. Volume 13
pp. 1259 – 1270

Abstract

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Juan Xu,1,* Suwen Bai,2,* Yadi Cao,1 Lei Liu,1 Yang Fang,2 Juan Du,2 Li Luo,1 Mingwei Chen,1 Bing Shen,2 Qiu Zhang1 1Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230022, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Basic Medical Sciences, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230032, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workCorrespondence: Qiu ZhangDepartment of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, 218 Jixi Road, Hefei, Anhui 230022, People’s Republic of ChinaTel/Fax +86-551-62923631Email [email protected] ShenDepartment of Physiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui 230022, People’s Republic of ChinaTel +86-551-65161132Fax +86-551-65161126Email [email protected]: Patients with diabetic cutaneous ulcers experience financial burden and a lower quality of life and life expectancy. Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-derived exosomes facilitate skin wound healing by positively modulating vascular endothelial cell function. Exosomes play their important regulatory role through microRNA (miRNA). We explored the potential role and molecular mechanisms of miRNA in EPC-derived exosome healing of diabetic skin wounds.Methods: Exosomes were isolated from the media of EPCs derived from mice bone marrow. High-throughput sequencing was used to detect the expression of exosome miRNA, and miRNA target genes were predicted using online databases. A diabetic mouse skin wound model was established, and wounds were treated with exosomes, miRNA-221-3p, or phosphate-buffered saline.Results: Exosomes from EPCs accelerated skin wound healing in both control and diabetic mice. High-throughput sequencing showed that miRNA-221-3p was highly expressed in EPC-derived exosomes. Skin wound healing in control and diabetic mice was significantly enhanced by EPC-derived exosomes and miRNA-221-3p administration. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that EPC-derived exosomes and miRNA-221-3p increased protein expression levels of the angiogenesis-related factors VEGF, CD31 and cell proliferation marker Ki67. Bioinformatics analyses indicated that miRNA-221-3p may be involved in the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway in diabetic complications, cell cycle, and the p53 signaling pathway.Conclusion: We concluded that miRNA-221-3p is one of the high-expressed miRNAs in EPC-derived exosomes and promoted skin wound healing in diabetic mice. The finding uncovers the molecular mechanism of EPC-derived exosomes and provides a potential novel approach to the clinical treatment of diabetic skin wounds.Keywords: endothelial progenitor cells, exosome, diabetes, miRNA-221-3p, wound healing

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